Plaza de Armas
In the time of the Inca there was not a main square, but a great rectangular space divided by the Saphi River. The place that today occupies the Main Square was known as Hawqaypata. The other side of the river, the area that today is the Square of Regocijo, was known as Cusipata. Together they formed a great square that was the center of the social and religious life of the city.
This place was theater of magnificent Inca ceremonies as the Inti Raymi or Party of the Sun, where all the towns of Tahuantinsuyo met symbolically, to surrender all to the Sun God. To this place, the conquering Francisco Pizarro arrived and had to face Manco Inca’s resistance. Now, the majesty of their colonial constructions such as the Cathedral, Compañia de Jesus and the Church of the Triunfo, they are works of the finest architecture at the time.